learn web development

The Ultimate Guide to Website Development (for Beginners)

Inter-connectivity through technology has become a fundamental need, the internet is a world united. A world where solutions to challenges are sought and found, a world that could be a solution on its own. Someone somewhere has overcome a challenge that others are still finding tough to crack, sharing his/her knowledge, the individual who has overcome the challenge can share the solution for free or even sell the solution and make money. From and for the internet today, a lot of leading tech has been discovered and developed and it has made it an essential aspect of our daily lives.

Internet and Website development

The internet can be likened to a large market with stalls. The stalls in the market are websites and the construction, stock and other assets of the stall can be likened to website development. Web development is the process of building and designing a website using computer language programs. Website development is the work put into the design and building of a website using coding language. Website development also covers tasks such as:

  • Front-end coding
  • Back-end coding
  • Configuration of network and server security
  • System of content management development
  • E-commerce development

A website development career path is the right path to go. The demand for website developers, as companies are created each day, keeps increasing constantly.

Learn Website Development

Before starting the website development learning process fully, the terms of website development need to be understood for faster and easier learning. These terms are:

Website: These are files hosted on website servers. These files allow us to be able to access information from a specific source. These files fine-tune your search.

Domain name - Domain names are what most people use to search for and access a website or using a search engine. IP or Internet protocol is also an important term to take note of. IP is a series of numbers that distinguish a website from numerous others on the internet and easy to search for.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) - HTTP is a protocol that governs how messages should be related over the internet. HTTP also creates a framework that allows communication between the server and work or personal computer in the same language, eliciting an immediate response anytime and from any location, a request is made on the internet. In plain terms, it reads your website request, communicates with the server, reads the server's response to your request and converts server response to a website.

Coding Language - The writing of codes for application and servers is called coding. Coding is a language because it has a set of grammar, punctuation and vocabulary rules to communicate with computers. There are two categories of coding- Front-end and Back-end, under which we have various coding languages. The major difference in coding languages arises from the operating system, platform, and style.

Front-end or Client interface development - This is the side of web development every internet user sees. This allows interaction between a user and the website, allowing video play, website navigation, text highlighting, expansion and minimization of images.

Back-end or server-side development - Back-end development is the infrastructure that supports server communication that's not visible to a front-end user. Back-end developers work with site structure, operating systems, APIs, databases, and manage content and security code.

Content Management System - This a series of different programs used to generate and manage web content. This is not a website builder, rather it is just for the website content.

Learning Process

To learn website development, the best place to start is on the internet. The internet is a vast resource for learning, joining a developer community and watching YouTube videos and tutorials is enough for a dedicated beginner to start developing websites. To go professional and get more in-depth knowledge, going for web development bootcamp and training to get professional certifications.

Below is a beginner’s roadmap infographic.

Web Development Roadmap

Website development can also be learned online through developer blogs and forums, searching through Google will yield results in your vicinity, should you want to meet a trainer for one-on-one training. A very good example of such a forum is the Mozilla Developer Network. Mozilla Developer Network is a great starting point for beginner developers, it provides you with substantial and relevant information and the network precise responses to almost every query of yours.

Learn Coding

There are several back-end coding languages but the front-end works best with java language. This is because the back-end coding languages can be easily configured to the needs of the website developer.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheet): This refers to the various style patterns for different HTML elements on a website. Even though there is various software available to give your website amazing features, but the CSS is basic without special effects, this is best for beginners, as understanding the basics allows for deeper knowledge on different aspects of customization for the best outcome.

PHP: This language is easy to learn and is one of the most common languages used for website development. It is a server-side language and can be used and can be used to manage databases and run queries. It manages communication between server and user computer.

Structured Query Language (SQL): This language is important for running a query to compile and perform updates and maintenance functions on the database. SQL commands are tripped by PHP scripts running on the server.

JavaScript: JavaScript runs on the front-end of the website. It's used to build the interface that the client sees. Almost all websites use JavaScript for animations, clock, timers, and validations. JavaScript is widely used and has a library known as jQuery that eases operations.

Becoming a professional website developer is a good move for a progressive thinker, there will always be an abundance of jobs and you can easily build and develop your website. Getting appropriate certifications of web development is allows for fast growth and a salary increase of a website developer. Website development has come to stay and tapping into this vast opportunity to gather knowledge and share it with others on a platform easily reached by anybody anywhere in the world, at any time, is an opportunity for continuous professional growth, brand building, experience gathering, and income/salary raise.

About The Author
Web Development Team Lead

Zsolt Nagy

Zsolt Nagy is a web development team lead, mentor, and software engineer living in Berlin, Germany. One of his well-recognized pieces of work is “ES6 in Practice” which covers the complete developer’s guide. He has a unique blend of experience in developing web projects and software consultancy with a proven track record of 15 years. He currently leads a Frontend Engineering team at Sociomantic Labs and mentors 10 leads and 35 software developers. He also has expertise in establishing processes, elements of Kanban, and structuring reporting lines.